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Aboriginal History
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  1. Aboriginal Ontario
    Historical Perspectives on the First Nations

    Resource Type: Book
    Published: 1994
    Essays on the history of Ontario's native people.
  2. Aborigines & Activisim
    Race, Aborigines & the Coming of the Sixties to Australia

    Resource Type: Book
    Published: 2008
  3. Argentina Replaces Columbus Statue with Indigenous Heroine
    Resource Type: Article
    Published: 2015
    Bolivian President Evo Morales’ visit to his Argentina counterpart Cristina Fernandez Wednesday will focus not only on bilateral agreements between the two nations, but also South America's independence history. The two South American leaders will inaugurate a monument to independence heroine and South American guerrilla military leader Juana Azurduy. The 15-meter high (52 feet) bronze statue has been erected outside the presidential palace in Buenos Aires in the place that a monument to Christopher Columbus once stood.
  4. Atlas of Great Lakes Indian History
    Resource Type: Book
    Published: 1987
    Focuses on the Great Lakes Region, in both Canada and the United States.
  5. Aztec tower of Human Skulls Uncovered in Mexico City
    Resource Type: Article
    Published: 2017
    Archeologists discover 676 skulls from Aztec archeological site, in Mexico City.
  6. Banned Love: Trump, Pocahantas and the Lovings
    Resource Type: Article
    Published: 2017
    The author looks at the history of interracial relationships, from thier legalization 50 years ago, to their future during the Trump administration.
  7. Beothuk
    Wikipedia article

    Resource Type: Article
    The Beothuk were an indigenous people based on the island of Newfoundland.
  8. Big Bear
    Connexipedia Article

    Resource Type: Article
    Cree leader who was involved in the North-West Resistance and subsequently imprisoned. (1825-1888).
  9. Big Bear
    Connexipedia: Article in the Canadian Encyclopedia

    Resource Type: Article
    Cree leader who was involved in the North-West Resistance and subsequently imprisoned. (1825-1888).
  10. Black Indians
    A Hidden Heritage

    Resource Type: Book
    Published: 1997
    Explores the story of black Indians, defined here as people with dual African and Native American ancestry or African Americans who lived primarily with Native Americans.
  11. The Bone Collectors
    A Brutal Chapter in Australia's Past

    Resource Type: Article
    Published: 2014
    The remains of hundreds of Aboriginal people, dug up from sacred ground and once displayed in museums all over the world, are now stored in a Canberra warehouse. When will they be given a national resting place?
  12. The Broken Spears
    The Aztec Account of the Conquest of Mexico

    Resource Type: Book
    Published: 1962
    Translated selections of Nahuatl-language accounts of the Spanish conquest of the Aztec Empire.
  13. Bury My Heart At Wounded Knee
    An Indian History of the American West

    Resource Type: Book
    Published: 1971
    A well documented account of the systematic destruction of the American Indian.
  14. The Cambridge Companion to Canadian Literature
    Resource Type: Book
    Published: 2004
    Broad surveys of fiction, drama, and poetry, Aboriginal writings, Francophone writings, autobiography, literary criticism, writing by women, urban writing, nature writing, travel writing, and short fiction.
  15. Canada Rediscovered
    Resource Type: Book
    Published: 1991
    Robert McGhee descirbes wat we know about early European explorations of what is now Canada - Irish, Norse, English Portuguese, French, Spanish - as well as the early Europeans' interactions with the aboriginal inhabitants.
  16. Canada's Other Red Scare
    Rights, Decolonization, and Indigenious Political Protest in the Global Sixties

    Resource Type: Article
    Published: 2011
    PhD Thesis, Queen's University, 2011
  17. Canadian Information Sharing Service
    Volume 1, Number 5 - January 1977

    Resource Type: Serial Publication (Periodical)
    Published: 1977
  18. Canadian Information Sharing Service
    Volume 2, Number 2

    Resource Type: Serial Publication (Periodical)
    Published: 1977
  19. Children of Aataentsic
    A History of the Huron People to 1660

    Resource Type: Book
    Published: 1976
  20. The Children of Aataentsic
    A History of the Huron People to 1660

    Resource Type: Book
    Published: 1987
    The Children of Aataentsic is both a full-scale ethnohistory of the Huron Indian confederacy and a far-reaching study of the causes of its collapse under the impact of the Iroquois attacks of 1649.
  21. Christopher Who? -- Discovering the Americas
    Resource Type: Article
    Published: 1990
    Columbus seen as a conqueror.
  22. Columbus: His Enterprise
    Resource Type: Book
    Published: 1976
    The traditional view of Christopher Columbus was as a single-minded, courageous visionary whose navigational skills led him to "discover" the Americas. Hans Koning gives us a different history of Columbus' life and voyages.
  23. Commonwealth of Thieves
    The Improbable Birth of Australia

    Resource Type: Book
    Published: 2006
    A history of the first four years of the convict settlement in Australia, examining the interplay of soldiers, convicts, and Aborigines.
  24. Connexions
    Volume 4, Number 2 - March 1979 - Native Rights/Les Droits des Autochtones

    Resource Type: Serial Publication (Periodical)
    Published: 1979
  25. Connexions
    Volume 5, Number 3 - September 1980 - Racism/Racisme

    Resource Type: Serial Publication (Periodical)
    Published: 1980
  26. Connexions
    Volume 7, Number 3 - July 1982 - Prairie Region/Region des Prairies

    Resource Type: Serial Publication (Periodical)
    Published: 1982
  27. Connexions
    Volume 8, Number 3-4 - Winter 1983/84 - Native Issues - A Digest of Resources and Groups for Social

    Resource Type: Serial Publication (Periodical)
    Published: 1984
  28. Connexions Archive seeks a new home
    Sources News Release

    Resource Type: Article
    Published: 2009
    The Connexions Archive, a Toronto-based library dedicated to preserving the history of grassroots movements for social change, needs a new home.
  29. Connexions Digest
    Volume 12, Number 1 - Fall 1988 - A Social Change Sourcebook

    Resource Type: Serial Publication (Periodical)
    Published: 1988
  30. Connexions Digest
    Issue 53 - January 1991- A Social Change Sourcebook

    Resource Type: Serial Publication (Periodical)
    Published: 1991
  31. Connexions Digest
    Issue 54 - February 1992- A Social Change Sourcebook

    Resource Type: Serial Publication (Periodical)
    Published: 1992
  32. Connexions Library: History Focus Page
    Resource Type: Website
    Published: 2012
    Selected articles, books, documents and other resources on historical topics.
  33. Connexions Library: Oral History Focus Page
    Resource Type: Website
    Published: 2012
    Selected articles, books, websites and other resources on oral history.
  34. The Conquest of the Incas
    Resource Type: Book
    Published: 2003
    This work of history removes the Incas from the realm of legend and shows the reality of their struggles against the Spanish invasion.
  35. Continuing Poundmaker and Riel's Quest
    Presentations Made at a Conference on Aboriginal Peoples and Justice

    Resource Type: Book
    Published: 1994
    This book focuses on the criminal justice system and outlines self-government as the means for Aboriginal Peoples to achieve justice.
  36. The Cypress Hills
    The Land and its People

    Resource Type: Book
    Published: 1996
    This book relates the history of the plateau, once a gathering place for Aboriginal Peoples, and how it has been changed through settlement.
  37. Dakota War of 1862
    Connexipedia Article

    Resource Type: Article
    An armed conflict between the United States and several bands of the eastern Sioux or Dakota.
  38. Days of Destruction, Days of Revolt
    Resource Type: Book
    Published: 2012
    The searing account Chris Hedges' and Joe Sacco's travels to sacrifice zones, those areas in the United States where human beings and the natural world are used and then discarded to maximize profit, places that have been offered up for exploitation in the name of profit and progress.
  39. Deganawida (The Great Peacemaker)
    Connexipedia Article

    Resource Type: Article
    The founder of the Haudenosaunee (Iroquois) Confederacy.
  40. Demasduit
    Wikipedia article

    Resource Type: Article
    Demasduit (c. 1796 – January 8, 1820) was a Beothuk woman, one of the last of her people on the island of Newfoundland, Canada.
  41. Discovery in the North Atlantic
    From the 6th to 17th Century

    Resource Type: Book
    Published: 1991
  42. Early Days on the Great Lakes
    The Art of William Armstrong

    Resource Type: Book
    Published: 1971
    Paintings and sketches of the Great Lakes and the poeple who lived there, most of them from the 1850s to 1870s.
  43. Earth into Property
    Colonization, Decolonization, and Capitalism

    Resource Type: Book
    Published: 2010
    A broad exploration of the colonial roots of global capitalism and the worldwide quest of Indigenous people for liberation through decolonization.
    Part Two of The Bowl with One Spoon.
  44. The Eternal Frontier
    An Ecological History of North America and its People

    Resource Type: Book
  45. Five Centuries of Imperialism and Resistance
    Vol. 8: 1492-1992

    Resource Type: Book
    Published: 1992
    A collection of poems and essays giving various perspectives on resistance to imperialism and capitalism.
  46. Forced Native Labor in Sixteenth-Century Central America
    Resource Type: Book
    Published: 2009
    Presents a comprehensive investigation of the primary issue of the first century of Spanish American colonization: the massive system of Indian forced labour, ranging from outright slavery to the encomienda, upon which Spanish colonial society rested. This book traces the rupturing of Indian traditions and the fate that befell the Indian people.
  47. 41 Years Since Jumping Bull (But 500 Years of Trauma)
    Resource Type: Article
    Published: 2016
    Leonard Peltier writes about his own case and about the 500 years of violence and injustice directed at indigenous peoples.
  48. 1491
    New Revelations of the Americas Before Columbus

    Resource Type: Book
    Published: 2005
    A portrait of human life in the Americas before the arrival of Columbus.
  49. From the Red Power movement to Idle No More
    Resource Type: Article
    Published: 2013
    Red Power stands for mass, united, militant action. Red Power, like Black Power, set off a wave of action and a level of consciousness in both the indigenous and non-indigenous communities, which has never really ended.
  50. Great Law of Peace
    Connexipedia Article

    Resource Type: Article
    The oral constitution that created the Iroquois (Haudenosaunee) Confederacy.
  51. Harvest of Devastation
    The Industrialization of Agriculture and its Human and Environmental Consequences

    Resource Type: Book
    Published: 1994
    Explains how western farming practices being imposed in other countries harm peasant communities, indigenous cultures, and the ecology.
  52. A History and Ethnography of the Beothuk
    Resource Type: Book
    Published: 1998
    The Beothuk, the aboriginal inhabitants of Newfoundland, were hunters, gatherers, and fishers who moved seasonally between the coast and the interior. With the influx of European settlements and fisheries in the 1700s the Beothuk found their territory increasingly reduced and conflict between the two groups escalated. The Beothuk declined steadily in numbers and by the early 1800s they had ceased to exist as a viable cultural group.
  53. A History of Canadian Wealth
    Resource Type: Book
    Published: 1972
    Myers lays bare the corruption, swindling, land deals, and bribery that are at the basis of Canadian history. This is Canada's past seen through the eyes of a muckraker.
  54. The History of Costa Rica
    Resource Type: Book
    Published: 2007
    An overview of Costa Rican history with an emphasis on how Costa Ricans have been able to make their own history, "though they do not make it just as they choose."
  55. A History of the Sarnia Indian Reserve
    Resource Type: Book
    Published: 1975
    A hisotry of the Sarnia Indian Reserve based on the personal reminescenes of the author.
  56. The History of the Saugeen Indians
    Resource Type: Book
    Published: 1977
  57. How American History Erases Mass Killings Against Native Americans
    Resource Type: Article
    Published: 2017
    In the wake of recent American mass killings, the author reminds us of mass murders of indigenous people in American history.
  58. The Hudson's Bay Company and The Fur Trude: 1670-1870
    Resource Type: Book
    Published: 1983
  59. I Have Lived Here Since the World Began
    An Illustrated History of Canada's Native People

    Resource Type: Book
    Published: 1996
    Ray shows that Native culture played an important -- and largely unrecognized -- part in Canada's economic development. Rather than being "civilized" by European explorers, the indigenous people were already accomplished traders, artisans, farmers and hunters.
  60. In 1492, What Did Columbus Really Do?
    Resource Type: Article
    Published: 1990
    A summary of various resistance movements then being organized to protest celebrating the 500th anniversary of Christopher Columbus' first landing in the Carribbean.
  61. In Search of Ancient North America
    An Archaelogical Journey to Forgotten Cultures

    Resource Type: Book
    Published: 1996
  62. The Inconvenient Indian
    A Curious Account of Native People in North America

    Resource Type: Book
    Published: 2012
  63. Indian Giver
    A Legacy of North American Native Peoples

    Resource Type: Book
    Published: 1986
    Traces some of the significant contributions made by Native people to the modern world.
  64. Indians at Work: An Informal History of Native Indian Labour in B.C.
    Resource Type: Book
    Published: 1979
  65. The Iroquois in the War of 1812
    Resource Type: Book
    Published: 1998
  66. Journey to the Ice Age
    Discovering an Ancient World

    Resource Type: Book
    Published: 2004
  67. Karl Marx and the Iroquois
    An essay on Marx's Ethnological Notebooks

    Resource Type: Article
    Franklin Rosemont delves into Marx's Ethnological Notebooks and examines their significance and relevance towards today's communist movement.
  68. The Koori History Website Project
    Resource Type: Website
    information on Black Australia's 240 year struggle for justice.
  69. Legacy
    The Natural History of Ontario

    Resource Type: Book
    Published: 1989
    A comprehensive, extensively illustrated natural history of Ontario, covering bedrock, soils, birds, mammals, insects, wildflowers, forests, prehistoric life, and much more.
  70. Leonard Peltier: 'My Last Hope for Freedom'
    Resource Type: Article
    Published: 2016
    Leonard Peltier is a political prisoner and Native freedom fighter who has been unjustly incacerated for 40 years. The International Leonard Peltier Defense Committee is ramping up efforts for Peltier's clemency under U.S. President Obama’s last year in office. This may be his last chance at freedom and justice. Find out how you can help achieve Peltier's freedom here: whoisleonardpeltier.info.
  71. A Long and Terrible Shadow
    White Values, Native Rights in the Americas 1492-1992

    Resource Type: Book
    Published: 1991
    Against the odds, Native peoples have waged a tenacious struggle to survive and the re-emerge as distinct cultures.
  72. Lore
    Capturing Traditional Environmental Knowledge

    Resource Type: Book
    Published: 1993
  73. Manifest Destiny? A Native Perspective on 1992
    Resource Type: Article
    Published: 1990
    1992 will be a year of mourning for North American Indians; a mourning for the fragmentation and loss of our traditional way of life.
  74. George Manuel
    Resource Type: Article
    Published: 1989
    Obituary in the Connexions Digest
  75. Marshall, Donald, Jr
    Connexipedia: Article in the Canadian Encyclopedia

    Resource Type: Article
    Accused of murder, Marshall, a 16-year old Micmac, was convicted and sentenced to life imprisonment. After he had served 11 years in a penitentiary, a re-examination of the case found him innocent. (1953-2009).
  76. Marx at the Margins
    On Nationalism, Ethnicity, and Non-Western Societies

    Resource Type: Book
    Published: 2016
    Marx’s critique of capital was far broader than is usually supposed. To be sure, he concentrated on the labor-capital relation within Western Europe and North America. But at the same time, he expended considerable time and energy on the analysis of non-Western societies, as well as race, ethnicity, and nationalism.
  77. Metacomet (Metacomb)
    Connexipedia Article

    Resource Type: Article
    A war chief of the Wampanoag Indians and their leader in King Philip's War. (Died 1676).
  78. Mississauga Portraits: Ojibwe Voices from Nineteenth-Century Canada
    Resource Type: Book
    Published: 2013
    This book is about a group of Mississaugans that few people who live in Mississauga, Ontario, today are likely familiar with. The people profiled are none other than a handful of the original inhabitants of much of the land that is now covered by the sprawling city of more than seven hundred thousand people in the Greater Toronto Area.
  79. A National Crime
    The Canadian Government and the Residential School System, 1879-1986

    Resource Type: Book
    Published: 1999
    Milloy chronicles the heart-breaking realities of the Residential School. This institiution separated thousands of Native children from their families in the Canadian Government's pursuit of "aggressive civilization."
  80. Native Rights in Canada
    Resource Type: Book
    Published: 1972
    A report on the legal rights of the natives of Canada.
  81. 1904-1924: 'The North American Indian'
    One man's vision of a continent of cultures

    Resource Type: Photo/Image/Poster
    Published: 2015
    With J. P. Morgan's funding, Edward Sheriff Curtis spent more than 20 years crisscrossing North America, creating over 40,000 images of more than 80 different tribes. They conceived a 20-volume series, called The North American Indian.
  82. 1992 The Theology of Self-Discovery Offers Hope
    Resource Type: Article
    Published: 1990
    The Self-Discovery campaign does not confine itself to the struggles of Indigenous People but addresses the concerns of all social and racial groups who have experienced social/cultural destruction under the yoke of colonialism.
  83. 1992: A White Christian Perspective
    Resource Type: Article
    Published: 1990
    I would hope that we can enter into a very sober 1992 event, so that native Christians might be able to retrieve those symbols that will give them new strength. I would hope that God is acting now as a kind of psychoanalyst, fresh dialogue might continue between the Church and native groups not within its "fold".
  84. North-West Rebellion
    Connexipedia Article

    Resource Type: Article
    A brief and unsuccessful uprising by the Métis people of the District of Saskatchewan under Louis Riel against the Dominion of Canada, which they believed had failed to address their concerns for the survival of their people.
  85. Occupied Canada
    Resource Type: Book
    Published: 1991
    An autobiography of Robert Calihoo, a native Canadian activist who struggled to regain the reserve that his father had sold out to the Canadian government.
  86. The Ojibwa of Southern Ontario
    Resource Type: Book
    Published: 1991
    A history of the Ojibwa in Southern Ontario.
  87. The Ojibway: A Critical Bibliography
    Resource Type: Book
    Published: 1976
  88. One Nation Under The Gun
    Inside The Mohawk Civil War

    Resource Type: Book
    Published: 1991
    An account of the poltical and land struggles of the Mohawk people in New York and Montreal.
  89. The Only Good Indian
    Essays by Canadian Indians

    Resource Type: Book
    Published: 1970
    The authors of this book are native people, mostly young, from coast to coast in Canada. They are thoughtful, angry, poetic, full of a generous passion to improve their lives.
  90. Opchanacanough
    Connexipedia Article

    Resource Type: Article
    A tribal chief of the Powhatan Confederacy. (Died 1646).
  91. Osceola
    Connexipedia Article

    Resource Type: Article
    War chief of the Seminole in Florida who led a small band of warriors in the Seminole resistance when the United States tried to remove the Seminoles from their lands. (1804-1838).
  92. Other Voices: The Connexions Newsletter - July 31, 2014
    Truth, justice and reconciliation

    Resource Type: Serial Publication (Periodical)
    Published: 2014
    Articles on truth, justice and reconciliation efforts in countries affected by civil war or internal conflict; Bone Collectors: the fate of the remains of Australian aboriginal people stolen from their burial grounds and dispersed to museums; the Galway children's mass grave; and Which came first: Palestinian rockets or Israeli violence? The topic of the week is the Israeli military.
  93. Other Voices: The Connexions Newsletter - January 29, 2015
    Land seizures and land take-overs

    Resource Type: Serial Publication (Periodical)
    Published: 2015
    This issue of Other Voices focuses on the issue of land seizures and land take-overs. Also included: Greece's solidarity movement, and the challenges and opportunities it faces after the election of a Syrizia government. From the archives, there are interviews about the 1974 occupation of Anicinabe Park, an article about anti-dicrimination fighter Viola Desmond, and the publication, in 1929, of All Quiet on the Western Front.
  94. Other Voices: The Connexions Newsletter - June 5, 2015
    Residential schools

    Resource Type: Serial Publication (Periodical)
    Published: 2015
    This issue of Other Voices focuses on residential schools. As documented by the just-released report of Canada's Truth and Reconciliation Commission, residential schools were set up to forcibly 'assimilate' Native children by taking them away from their parents and communities, and depriving them of their language, culture, history, and emotional supports. Based as they were on a system of arbitrary power and cruelty, it is not surprising that they also fostered physical and sexual abuse of the children forced into the schools. We spotlight the report and the recommendations of the Truth and Reconciliation Commission, as well as films, books, and survivor stories. Also in this issue: the Orwellian language and tactics being used to sell 'anti-terrorist' legislation, mind-boggling subsidies for the fossil fuel industry, and, on the other side of the ledger, stories of courage and resistance.
  95. Other Voices: The Connexions Newsletter - July 2, 2016
    Brexit, Jeremy Corbyn, and Contempt for Democracy

    Resource Type: Article
    Published: 2016
    Brexit, the British vote to leave the European Union, has thrown the political elites into turmoil and confusion. The referendum was supposed to be a safe political manoeuvre, a way to produce an appearance of democratic legitimacy for the profoundly undemocratic structures of the EU. The gambit turned out to be a spectacular miscalculation, as millions of people turned out to express their opposition to a state of affairs that is leaving the majority worse off while enriching a small minority. This issue of Other Voices looks at the Brexit referendum, elite loathing for democracy, and the related attempt to get rid of Labour's leftwing leader, Jeremy Corbyn.
  96. Other Voices: The Connexions Newsletter - July 23, 2016
    Workers and Climate Change

    Resource Type: Serial Publication (Periodical)
    Published: 2016
    Working people -- and most of us are workers -- are affected by climate change in every aspect of our lives. As climate change worsens, our lives will worsen. If we are successful in bringing about the needed rapid change away from a fossil fuel based economy, working people are the ones who stand to bear most of the costs, including the cost, for millions of workers and their families, of losing their jobs.
    Many elements of the environmental movement have been guilty of ignoring working people, while others actually blame ordinary working people for climate change and the injustices associated with it. Yet it is working people who are dying, in many places, even now, from excessive heat in factories, fields, construction sites, and homes. And million of working people stand to lose their jobs, homes, and communities in the transition to a low-carbon or no-carbon economy.
  97. Pemulwuy
    Resource Type: Article
    Published: 2016
    Pemulwuy (aka Pimbloy, Pemulvoy, Pemulwoy, Pemulwye) (c1750 - 2 June 1802) was an Aboriginal Australian man born around 1750 in the area of Botany Bay in New South Wales. He is noted for his resistance to the European settlement of Australia which began with the arrival of the First Fleet in 1788. He is believed to have been a member of the Bidjigal (Bediagal) clan of the Eora people.
  98. People of Terra Nullius
    Betrayal and Rebirth in Aboriginal Canada

    Resource Type: Book
    Published: 1993
  99. Peter S. Schmalz Fonds
    Resource Type: Unclassified
    This fonds reflects Dr. Peter S. Schmalz's career as an educator, researcher and author from the late 1960s to early 2000s. He used these resources in the creation of a Master's Thesis, a Doctoral Thesis, numerous learned articles, several books, and reports for the Ministry of Natural Resources, First Nations communities, the provincial government and federal government.
    The focus of his research and writing concerned First Nations as well as Town of Walkerton history. This fonds includes over 700 published books (not including duplicates) which reflect Dr. Schmalz's primary interest in aboriginal contact with Europeans
  100. Pictures Bring Us Messages
    Sinaakssiiksi aohtsimaahpihkookiyaawa. Photographs and Histories from the Kainai Nation

    Resource Type: Book
    Published: 2006
    An example of museum professionals working with member of an aboriginal community to explore photographs taken of members of that community many decades earlier.
  101. The Polar Passion
    The Quest for the North Pole (Volume 2 of the Top of the World triology)

    Resource Type: Book
    Published: 1967
  102. Pontiac
    Connexipedia Article

    Resource Type: Article
    An Ottawa chief who led Pontiac's Rebellion. (1763-1766).
  103. Pontiac's Rebellion
    Connexipedia Article

    Resource Type: Article
    A war launched in 1763 by a loose confederation of elements of Native American tribes primarily from the Great Lakes region, the Illinois Country, and Ohio Country who were dissatisfied with British policies in the Great Lakes region after the British victory in the French and Indian War.
  104. Preservation or plunder? The battle over the British Museum's Indigenous Australian show
    Resource Type: Article
    Published: 2015
    Indigenous Australians are calling for the objects on show at the British Museum's new exhibition to be returned.
  105. Pueblo Revolt
    Connexipedia Article

    Resource Type: Article
    An uprising of many pueblos of the Pueblo people against Spanish colonization of the Americas in the New Spain province of New Mexico in 1680.
  106. Quotes from Indigenous Peoples
    Resource Type: Unclassified
  107. Report of Mr. W. E. Cormack's journey in search of the Red Indians in Newfoundland
    Resource Type: Book
    Published: 1828
  108. Reservations Are For Indians
    Resource Type: Book
    Published: 1991
    Describes the vicious circle of dependence created by government policies which ensnare aboriginal Canadians, combining an account of life in four reserve communities with a history of government policies and programmes.
  109. Royal BC Museum
    Media Profile in Sources

    Resource Type: Organization
  110. Seeds of Fire
    A People's Chronology

    Resource Type: Article
    Published: 2017
    Recalling events that happened on this day in history. Memories of struggle, resistance and persistence.
  111. The Seminole-African Alliance
    World News Trust

    Resource Type: Article
    Published: 2014
    The Native American Indian people that comprised the Seminole Nation grew out of the Creek Nation in Florida. Multilingual and diverse, the Seminoles (from a word meaning “runaway”) became infamous for intermingling with runaway slaves from Georgia and the Carolinas… slaves that built prosperous, free, self-governing communities since 1738.
  112. Seven Myths of the Spanish Conquest
    Resource Type: Book
    Published: 2004
    Restall explodes myths that were long taken for historical truth and points to a larger and more complex interaction between the indigenous people and the Europeans. He shows how Indian culture adapted and displayed post conquest vitality.
  113. Shanawdithit
    Wikipedia article

    Resource Type: Article
    Shanawdithit (ca. 1801 – June 6, 1829), was the last known living member of the Beothuk people of Newfoundland.
  114. Shanawdithit's People
    The Archaeology of the Beothuks

    Resource Type: Book
  115. Spend time honouring Indigenous heroes rather than debating Macdonald: Murray Sinclair
    Resource Type: Article
    Published: 2017
    Senator Murray Sinclair, the former chairman of the Truth and Reconciliation Commission, says that removing tributes that are considered offensive to Indigenous Peoples would be 'counterproductive' and smacks of anger not harmony.
  116. Stolen Continents
    The "New World" Through Indian Eyes

    Resource Type: Book
    Published: 1992
    A history of the Americas through Native eyes.
  117. Stolen Lives
    The 'sisters' who are challenging Australia to admit to its forced separation of Aboriginal families

    Resource Type: Article
    Published: 2001
    The issue of Austaralia's stolen children.
  118. Sweet Promises
    A Reader On Indian-White Relations in Canada

    Resource Type: Book
    Published: 1991
  119. Tasmania's Black War: a tragic case of lest we remember
    Resource Type: Article
    Published: 2017
    Tasmania’s Black War (1824-31) was the most intense frontier conflict in Australia's history. It was a clash between the most culturally and technologically dissimilar humans to have ever come into contact. At stake was nothing less than control of the country, and the survival of a people.
  120. Tecumseh
    Connexipedia: Article in the Canadian Encyclopedia

    Resource Type: Article
    Shawnee chief who attempted to form an alliance of tribes to combat American territorial ambitions and tried to rally the tribes in a common defence against the Americans. (1768-1813).
  121. Tecumseh
    Connexipedia Article

    Resource Type: Article
    Shawnee chief who attempted to form an alliance of tribes to combat American territorial ambitions and tried to rally the tribes in a common defence against the Americans. (1768-1813).
  122. This Benevolent Experiment
    Indigenous Boarding Schools, Genocide, and Redress in the United States and Canada

    Resource Type: Book
    Published: 2015
    A multi-layered comparative analysis of indigenous boarding schools in the US and Canada.
  123. This Land Is Not For Sale
    Resource Type: Book
    Published: 1976
    Examination of Native land claims and development in Canada's north.
  124. This Magazine is About Schools - Volume 5, Number 2
    Spring 1971 issue

    Resource Type: Serial Publication (Periodical)
    Published: 1971
  125. Túpac Amaru II
    Connexipedia Article

    Resource Type: Article
    The leader of an indigenous uprising in 1780 against the Spanish occupation of Peru. (1742-1781).
  126. An Unauthorized Biography of the World
    Oral History on the Front Lines

    Resource Type: Book
    Published: 2004
    This book uses oral history to discuss oral history. It is in memoir style, and delves into how oral history is done in such places as First Nations (Canada), Turkey, Chicago, Newfoundland, Peru, New York City, Cleveland, Israel, and other places. Riordon's concept is about telling stories, celebrating diversity, and making connections between people.
  127. Underhanded History of the USA
    Radical America - Volumer 7 No.3

    Resource Type: Book
    Published: 1973
  128. The Unjust Society
    Resource Type: Book
    Published: 1999
    Attacks Canada's governments for their treatment of Native People and calls for just solutions.
  129. The Wars of the Iroquois
    A Study in Intertribal Trade Relations

    Resource Type: Book
    Published: 1967
  130. Who owns knowledge?
    Resource Type: Article
    Published: 2007
    The resurgence of a Romantic view of culture poses a real menace to the free flow of knowledge and threatens to corral it into intellectual Bantustans. The ideas of free speech and open debate become meaningless if we fail to defend a universalist concept of knowledge or if we accept the notion of science as but a local view whose factual claims must defer to cultural and political needs. If scientific debate is constrained to express only sentiments with which people feel comfortable, culturally and politically, then science dies as the line between knowledge and myth becomes eroded.
  131. The World Without Us
    Resource Type: Book
    Published: 2007
    A thought experiment to see what would happen to the planet if human beings simply disappeared.
  132. Year 501
    The Conquest Continues

    Resource Type: Book
    Published: 1993
    An examination of the U.S. role in the world placed in the long historical perspective of the 500 years that followed the voyages of Columbus.

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