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Ancient Cultures & Civilizations
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  1. The African Origin of Civilization
    Myth or Reality

    Resource Type: Book
    This is a one-volume translation of the major sections of C.A. Diop's two books, Nations negres et culture and Anteriorite des civilizations negres, which have profoundly influenced thinking about Africa around the world. This book presents Dr. Diop's main thesis - that historical, archaeological and anthropological evidence supports the theory that the civilization of Egypt was actually Negroid in origin.
  2. Atlas of World History
    Resource Type: Book
    Published: 1999
  3. Before Color Prejudice: The Ancient Views of Blacks
    Resource Type: Book
    Published: 1991
    In this richly-illustrated account of black-white contacts from the Pharaohs to the Caesars, Frank M. Snowden demonstrates that the ancients did not discriminate against blacks because of their colour. For three thousand years Mediterranean whites intermittently came in contact with African blacks in commerce and war, and left a record of these encounters in art and in written documents. The blacks -- most commonly known as Kushites, Ethiopians, or Nubians -- were redoubtable warriors and commanded the respect of their white adversaries. The overall view of blacks was highly favourable. In science, philosophy, and religion colour was not the basis of theories concerning inferior peoples.
  4. The Bible Unearthed
    Article in Wikipedia on the book The Bible Unearthed: Archaeology's New Vision of Ancient Israel and the Origin of Its Sacred Texts

    Resource Type: Article
    A 2001 book about the archaeology of Palestine and its relationship to the origins of the Hebrew Bible.
  5. Brock University
    Media Profile in Sources

    Resource Type: Organization
  6. The City in History
    Its Origins, Its Transformations, and Its Prospects

    Resource Type: Book
    Published: 1961
    Beginning with an interpretation of the origin and nature of the city, Mumford follows the city's development from Egypt and Mesopotamia through Greece, Rome, and the Middle Ages to the modern world.
  7. The Complete Works of Rosa Luxemburg, Volume I
    Economic Writings 1

    Resource Type: Book
    Published: 2013
    This first volume in Rosa Luxemburg's Complete Works, entitled Economic Writings 1, contains some of Luxemburg's most important statements on the globalization of capital, wage labour, imperialism, and pre-capitalist economic formations.
  8. Geschichte Ägyptens
    Resource Type: Book
    Published: 1964
  9. A History of the Jews - Ancient and Modern
    Resource Type: Book
    Published: 1987
    Starting from a political interpretation of the period when judges, kings and prophets held sway over Israel and Judah, Ilan Halevi traces the evolution of the Jewish identity through its numerous stages, from the Roman occupation and the decline of Temple authority, through to the Zionist settlement of Palestine in the twentieth century.
  10. Karl Marx and the Iroquois
    An essay on Marx's Ethnological Notebooks

    Resource Type: Article
    Franklin Rosemont delves into Marx's Ethnological Notebooks and examines their significance and relevance towards today's communist movement.
  11. Karl Marx's Theory of Revolution
    Volume I: State and Bureaucracy

    Resource Type: Book
    Published: 1977
    A wide-ranging and thorough exposition of Marx's views on democracy.
  12. Libraries in the Ancient World
    Resource Type: Book
    Published: 2001
  13. Marx and Engels Collected Works Volume 26
    Engels 1882 - 1889

    Resource Type: Book
    Includes Manuscripts on Early German History and The Origin of the Family, Private Property and the State, and Ludwig Feuerbach and the End of Classical German Philosophy, and The Role of Force in History
  14. A Marxist History of the World part 10: Men of Iron
    Resource Type: Article
    Published: 2010
    The constant rise and fall of Bronze age societies was a product of their wasteful, crisis ridden nature. But in the barbarian periphery around 1300 BCE an industrial revolution had begun that was to transform the world.
  15. A Marxist History of the World Part 11: Western Asia: the Persian Empire
    Resource Type: Article
    Published: 2010
    Neil Faulkner looks at the centuries following 1000 BCE when the scale of civilisation and empire exploded as the productivity of iron tools boosted the surpluses available to Iron Age empire-builders.
  16. A Marxist History of the World part 12: India: the Mauryan Empire
    Resource Type: Article
    Published: 2010
    Neil Faulkner looks at the growth of the Mauryan Empire which at its zenith encompassed almost the whole of what is today India, Pakistan, and Bangladesh.
  17. A Marxist History of the World part 13: China: the Ch'in Empire
    Resource Type: Article
    Published: 2010
    Neil Faulkner looks at the origins of the Ch'in Empire - short-lived, created by conquest and terror and characterised by extreme centralisation, military-style exploitation, and murderous repression.
  18. A Marxist History of the World part 14: The Greek Democratic Revolution
    Resource Type: Article
    Published: 2010
    Neil Faulkner looks at the radical participatory democracy which began in Athens between 510 and 506 BCE and spread to virtually every city-state in the Aegean.
  19. A Marxist History of the World part 15: The Macedonian Empire
    Resource Type: Article
    Published: 2010
    Neil Faulkner looks at the defeat of the democratic empire centred around Athens in a protracted counter-revolution led by Greek aristocrats, Macedonian kings, and Roman viceroys.
  20. A Marxist History of the World part 16: Roman Military Imperialism
    Resource Type: Article
    Published: 2010
    Rome represented a unique fusion of Greek-style citizenship with Macedonian-style militarism. The result was the most dynamic imperialist state in the ancient world.
  21. A Marxist History of the World part 17: The Roman Revolution
    Resource Type: Article
    Published: 2010
    Neil Faulkner looks at the Roman Revolution - a complex, distorted, century-long process of class struggle.
  22. A Marxist History of the World part 18: The Crisis of Late Antiquity
    Resource Type: Article
    Published: 2010
    Neil Faulkner explains how the Roman Empire entered its terminal crisis as its military imperialism came up against geographical, economic, and sociological barriers to expansion.
  23. A Marxist History of the World part 19: Mother-goddesses and power-deities
    Resource Type: Article
    Published: 2010
    Neil Faulkner looks at how the growth of private property altered the position of women - from occupying a central role in society to suffering what Engels called ‘the world historic defeat of the female sex’.
  24. A Marxist History of the World part 26: Africa: cattle-herders, iron-masters, and trading states
    Resource Type: Article
    Published: 2011
    Neil Faulkner looks at the early civilisations in Africa and how geography ensured the continent would develop differently from Eurasia.
  25. A Marxist History of the World part 27: New World Empires: Maya, Aztec, and Inca
    Resource Type: Article
    Published: 2011
    The early civilisations of the Americas were limited by its geography - in only two areas did urban revolution occur and civilisations develop: in parts of Mesoamerica, and in the Central Andes.
  26. A Marxist History of the World part 28: The cycles and arrows of time
    me

    Resource Type: Article
    Published: 2011
    In Part 9 of A Marxist History of the World, we paused to discuss ‘how history works’. It would be useful to pause again to review some general lessons of the history of the ancient and medieval civilisations we have looked at since.
  27. A Marxist History of the World Part 4: The origins of War and Religion
    Resource Type: Article
    Published: 2010
    This week Neil Faulkner looks at the origins of War and Religion in the Early Neolithic world.
  28. A Marxist History of the World part 6: The First Ruling Class
    Resource Type: Article
    Published: 2010
    This week Neil Faulkner looks at the rise of the first ruling classes as the surplus created through the increasing productivity of human labour allowed a section of society to live without producing.
  29. A Marxist History of the World part 7: The Spread of Civilisation
    Resource Type: Article
    Published: 2010
    This week Neil Faulkner looks at the spread and development of ancient city civilisations around the world, each governed by a new ruling class of priests, city-governors and war-leaders.
  30. A Marxist History of the World part 8: Crisis in the Bronze Age
    Resource Type: Article
    Published: 2010
    Why did Bronze Age empires rise and fall amid crisis and war? And why did this contradictory social form simply replicate itself over long periods of time? Neil Faulkner looks at the evidence.
  31. A Marxist History of the World part 9: How History Happens
    Resource Type: Article
    Published: 2010
    The complex societies that emerged from the division of society into classes also created societies that were wasteful, violent, stagnant and crisis prone. Understanding why is the key to how history happens argues Neil Faulkner.
  32. Multiculturalism or World Culture?
    On a "Left"-Wing Response to Contemporary Social Breakdown

    Resource Type: Article
    Published: 2000
    Post-modernists are profoundly bored by any questions of economics and technology which cannot be connected to cultural differences. The implicit agenda of the multiculturalists is to present the values associated with intensive capitalist accumulation as "white male", so "non-white" peoples such as Japanese or Koreans who currently embody those values with a greater fervour than most "whites" are ignored.
  33. The Penguin Atlas of World History - Vol. 1: From the Beginning to the Eve of the French Revolution
    Resource Type: Book
    Published: 1974
  34. A People's History of the World
    From the Stone Age to the New Millennium

    Resource Type: Book
    Published: 1999
    Harman describes the shape and course of human history as a narrative of ordinary people forming and re-forming complex societies in pursuit of common human goals.
  35. The politics of display
    The redesign of the Ashmolean in Oxford provides a chance to reflect on how we understand the meaning of collections

    Resource Type: Article
    Published: 2009
    The Ashmolean Museum in Oxford is the oldest museum in Britain, founded in 1693. The institution has grown, thanks to a new postmodern building by architect Rick Mather. The open concept design of the new galleries is perfect for the curatorial focus on the impact of trade and the legacy of intercultural exchange titled "Crossing Cultures Crossing Time".
  36. Royal BC Museum
    Media Profile in Sources

    Resource Type: Organization
  37. Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council
    Media Profile in Sources

    Resource Type: Organization
  38. Woman in Ancient Africa
    Resource Type: Book
    Published: 1989
    Using travellers' reports written between the 12th and 16th centuries, Loth challenges the traditional view of women in ancient Africa as subservient. The text, illustrated with 112 black-and-white and 46 full-colour photographs, reveals women in the time of the great African empires and city founders, religious leaders, traders, and family bread-winners as well as wives and mothers.

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